Dogue de Bordeaux (French Mastiff)

History and Origin

The Dogue de Bordeaux or French Mastiff is one of the most ancient French dog breeds. This breed has a powerful, muscular body and were originally working dogs. They were used for pulling carts, hauling heavy objects, and for guarding flocks and castles. The breed was known in France as early as the 14th century particularly in Southern France in the region around Bordeaux. The history of the breed is known to predate the Bulldog and the Bullmastiff. A uniform type of the breed did not exist until about 1920. In 1989, the first Bordeaux dog appeared on the big screen in America in the movie Turner and Hooch, a picture about a police officer and his canine partner. Full AKC recognition of the French Mastiff didn't occur until 2008.


Breed standards set forth by the European FCI and the American Kennel Club state that the minimum weight of the female should be 100 lbs. and 115 lbs. for the male. There is no formally stated maximum weight but the dogs must be balanced with regard to overall type and the conformation standards of their breed. The Dogue de Bordeaux's head is said to be the largest in the canine world, in proportion to its body. It's coat is short, fine and soft the colors are fawn or mahogany with a black, brown or red mask. The red mask is the most true to the breed. The French Mastiff's temperament is good and calm. They are loyal, patient, devoted and intelligent. They are gentle with children and family members but fearless and confrontational with strangers.


This breed needs regular exercise. They are average shedders and do need regular grooming.
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Dogue de Bordeaux
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